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Options for Terrestrial Connectivity in Sub-Saharan Africa

Mobile GSM operators in Sub-Saharan Africa are rapidly covering most populated areas with telephone services. To reach new areas, the operators keep expanding their transmission links, and the result is the emergence of new telecommunication backbone networks. The mobile operators now own and control the bulk of transmission backbone capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Regulation and competition between operators have ... [executive summary]

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Internet for Everyone in African GSM Networks

This report present the results of an investigation of the technical and commercial viability of using GSM technology for providing wireless data services on a large-scale basis in Sub Saharan Africa. The study objective was to investigate the business cases for data services considering the very special situation facing mobile operators in Africa. Essentially, the objective was to investigate whether GSM would be a financially viable solution for offering Internet services to vast areas in Africa, particularly since no other alternatives are available in the short term... [executive summary]

Full Report

Profitable Universal Access Providers

Full Reportexecutive summary [457 KB]

The Swedish International Development Agency (Sida) has commissioned this feasibility study aimed at studying the viability of providing rural, low income, areas in developing countries with communications services. The study has explored innovative use of GSM technology and evaluated the financial viability of self-sustained Micro Telephone Operators serving rural areas.

The economics of GSM technology for rural areas is based on a number of favourable conditions as compared to traditional fixed line technology... [executive summary]

Anders Engvall

Olof Hesselmark